Allama Muhammad Iqbal History | Poet, Philosopher & Politician

Sir Muhammad Iqbal well known as Allama Iqbal. He is one of the greatest poet of the east. It was the historic day 9, November 1877 when Muhammad Iqbal was born in Sialkot. After the accomplishment of his primary education in his native city, an unquenchable thirst for learning brought him to Lahore (1895). There he came under the influence of Maulana Mir, Hassan. From the very beginning, he was said to be a talented child. He got his higher education at Government College, Lahore. Then he went to Cambridge and later to Germany where he got his doctorate. He began his legal practice at Lahore. He did not devote his attention to his profession but entered political life. He found the Muslims politically backward. It was at this stage of life that he began to write poems, He wanted to produce a new awakening in the backward Muslims of the Sub-continent. He started writing in Urdu. Later on, he used Persian as vehicle of his expression.

Allama Iqbal Title: “Sir” Muhammad Iqbal
Father Name: Sheikh Noor Muhammad
Mother Name: Imam Bibi
Sir Muhammad Iqbal Family: Wives (Karim Bibi, Sardar Begum, Mukhtar Begum) Sons (Javed Iqbal, Aftab Iqbal) Daughters ( Munira Bano, Miraj Begum)

Allama Iqbal early and later life is marked with his great interest in poetry.

His poetry worked wonders. It was at one of the meeting of Anjuman Himayat-i-Islam that he recited his famous poem “Nala-i-Yatim”. The poem impressed the audience very much. People paid him great tribute. He was thought of a symbol of respect and honour. His books “Bang-i-Dara” and “Bal-i-Jabril” are the products of his great genius. All the poems in them are sublime.  They have great poetic appeal. Some of the lines in them are pure magic. His poetry is burdened with the message of Islam.

He awakened the Muslims of the sub-continent India and produced in them a spirit to get a separate country.

He has advocated the cause of Islam with such fervour as no other writer has done. He has written many books of poems. Some of his books are in Urdu, while others are in Persian. His books have been translated into English also. In his poems, he gas done a lot in awakening the Muslims and produced in them a political consciousness. He brought the Muslims of sub continent of India on a single platform and infused in them unity. He put forward the two-nation theory before the Muslims of India. He pointed out that the Muslims were different from the Hindus in their economic, social and cultural life. They must live in a separate state if they wanted to make progress. In this way, he was the first to envisage the idea of Pakistan.

He has advocated the cause of Islam with such fervor as no other writer has done.

His Poems preach lessons of unity, faith and discipline. As a matter of fact, they are the mirrors of Islam. Iqbal himself is a mystic. He has been greatly influenced by the great Sufi poet Maulana Jalal-ud-Din Rumi. He considers him his spiritual guide. He has derived a lot from the teachings of the Holy Quran.

His poetry is purposeful and marked with mysticism.

Dr. Allama Muhammad Iqbal is my favorite author because his poetry is purposeful. It preaches mysticism of new order. This mysticism is entirely based on the teachings of Islam. He died on 21, April 1938 in Lahore, Pakistan. May the Muslims of today read his poetry and get an urge to gain their golden past. Aameen!

More Important Topics:

Biography of Allama Iqbal
Allama Iqbal Poetry in Urdu, English
Allama Iqbal Quotes